5ainvestigate andevaluate a range of familiar products, thinking about how theywork, how they are used and the views of the people who usethem
* To investigate,disassemble and evaluate a range of musical instruments
in order to learnhow they function
* To identify thedifferent parts, materials used & methods of assembly used in theinstruments
* Each group ofchildren to investigate 2-3 different instruments & answerquestions about each:
- How do you playit? What is it made of? What materials have been used to make theinstrument?
- What is thestructure of the instrument? Is it solid or hollow?
Does it have abox/arm/stem/board?
- What parts haveto be strong? What parts make the sound? How do you make differentnotes?
* Each group tofill in a sheet to answer the above questions & feed back to theclass about one of their instruments.
A collection ofsimple musical instruments or pictures including (if possible) somefrom other times and cultures
Research ofmusical instruments on the internet (time permitting)
1agenerate ideas forproducts after thinking about who will use them and what they willbe used for, using information from a number of sources
1bdevelop ideas andexplain them clearly, putting together a list of what they wanttheir design to achieve
1cplan what theyhave to do, suggesting a sequence of actions and alternatives, ifneeded
1dcommunicatedesign ideas in different ways as these develop, bearing in mindaesthetic qualities, and the uses and purposes for which theproduct is intended
4ahow the workingcharacteristics of materials affect the ways they are used
4bhow materials canbe combined and mixed to create more useful properties
5bfocused practicaltasks that develop a range of techniques, skills, processes andknowledge
5cdesign and makeassignments using a range of materials, including stiff andflexible sheet materials
* To understandthat different types of sounds can be made using differenttechniques, e.g. Scraping, hitting, scraping, plucking, etc.
* To understandthat the working characteristics of materials affect the soundsmade
* To assemblematerials in temporary ways
* To considerdesign needs & show their design ideas using annotateddiagrams
Investigatingand designing musical instruments
* Explain that thechildren will be making their own musical instruments over the nextfew weeks.
* Demonstrate howa range of materials could be combined to make an instrument playby striking, plucking, shaking and/or hitting. Use easily availableresources to make shakers (margarine pots withrice/gravel/pasta/sand), scrapers (plastic bottles withridges/dowel rods/sandpaper), drums (food containers/biscuittins/material to stretch over the top) & string instruments (foodcontainers/elastic bands/string). Allow time to experiment withsome of the materials.
* Children to planout their instrument & complete a design brief (list possibleresources, etc.) Give the children access to books for research &ideas. Discuss the children's ideas as a class.
Margarine pots,plastic bottles with ridges, food containers, biscuit tins, carrierbags, rice, sand, gravel, sandpaper, etc.